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Green Racing Project Blog

Reflections on a Sourdough Summer

30.Oct.2014 by Caitlin Patterson

Food is an important part of any athlete’s daily routine, and a part that we often overlook sharing much about. There are certainly some pictures we’ve posted of particularly notable edibles on this blog, but in general I don’t believe food has gotten quite its fair share, compared to how much of our daily thoughts and life it occupies.  That’s not to really imply that any of the athletes at Craftsbury take the food for granted – we are extremely lucky to be able to eat at the spectacular Craftsbury dining hall for most of the year. This post, I have to warn you, is going to be all about food, and the process of making one particular kind of it – bread!

While I’ve always considered sourdough bread to be among my favorites – along with crusty European baguettes and German pretzel rolls – I’d never made sourdough myself until this summer. On frequent enough occasions in the last few years, I would make oatmeal whole-wheat sandwich bread, baguettes, and various other types by hand, and I have done some experimentation and made complicated-sounding breads just for the sake of trying something new.  I’m not a bread machine person, or a person who tends to avoid making things that sound complex.  But sourdough… I always stopped before venturing into sourdough… Because even though most of the instructions say “it’s really pretty easy” to create a sourdough starter, and other such reassurances, those statements are usually followed by what seem like long lists of instructions consisting of a different step every day for 4-6 days and then a lot more attention to the sourdough after that.

Note: Before you get too far into this, beware – I am passionate about baking and bread, and cooking explorations in general, and when I’m enthusiastic about something in this way it leads to long descriptions.  Scroll ahead to the pictures or skip to a different blog on our site if you’re impatient, otherwise, carry on reading!

This summer, I suppose you could say that I needed a cooking or baking outlet, preferably one that did not result in a profusion of sugary dessert-snacks to feed my team/housemates and myself. I unquestionably love sweet things (yes, thank you for pointing out Pete H, I have a sweet tooth!), but I’ve gone through a time of giving more thought to nutrition and food choices this year, which leads me to gravitate away from excessive sugars if possible.  Bread was the perfect choice, because the GRP skiers consume a considerable amount of bread for breakfasts and snacks, and bread is a healthy baking result derived from a process that can include creativity and embellishment.  So it was an ideal summer to venture into sourdough bread baking.

Beautiful toasted loaves of cranberry-walnut sourdough!

Beautiful toasted loaves of cranberry-walnut sourdough!


What exactly is sourdough, you might ask?

Well, from the standpoint of the basic grocery-store consumer, sourdough bread is typically a crusty, white bread with a particularly tangy taste.

From the standpoint of the baker, or someone who wants to know what makes this type of bread distinctive, it gets a bit more complex. Sourdough bread is baked from a dough that is made with a sourdough starter. It doesn’t have to be a white bread, sourdough breads cover the spectrum from whole wheat to rye to white to a variety of other grains or mixes.  A sourdough starter is a way of cultivating natural yeast – rather than using store-bought yeast from a jar or packet, the natural yeast contained within the starter leavens the bread, causing it to rise and develop air pockets. This natural or wild yeast can’t be called on at any minute though – while it is in the air around us, it has to be properly cultivated and encouraged in order to be concentrated enough for use in bread.  A starter is typically made from just flour and water, although as I understand it, starters can sometimes contain fruit juice in the early stages. It takes a little while to establish a good population of yeast, but then once the starter is “active” it can be maintained indefinitely for future use, and shared with friends too.

Nice and active starter, see all those big air pockets? From the yeasties!

Nice and active starter, see all those big air pockets? From the yeasties!

A very active starter, and a gamble on container-size, can lead to a mess

A very active starter, and a gamble on container-size, can lead to a mess

Stirring down the starter - a big batch since I'm getting ready to bake something

Stirring down the starter – a big batch since I’m getting ready to bake something

 


Caitlin’s sourdough starter process:

In mid-May of 2014, when I returned to Craftsbury to start the new training year, I knew I would be at the house where I live in Craftsbury with few interruptions until the fall, and it would be a perfect time to start the process of a sourdough starter. On the recommendation of my teammate Emily, who had made sourdough this winter, I looked on the King Arthur Flour website (one of my favorite recipe sources) for guidance about starting sourdough.  Here’s the link to their page about starting sourdough: http://www.kingarthurflour.com/blog/2012/04/05/creating-your-own-sourdough-starter-the-path-to-great-bread/

As the experts at King Arthur attest to, creating a sourdough starter is as much art as science – there are many variations and suggestions out there, but there is room for flexibility within a framework of conditions that will enable the growth of the sourdough yeast and bacteria. I started with 1 cup of rye flour and 1/2 a cup of cool water from the tap. After 24 hours, half of the original was discarded, and I added a new 1 cup of King Arthur “Special” bread flour and 1/2 cup of water to what remained, and mixed everything together.  The 3rd day started the twice a day feedings – to add new flour and water is considered “feeding” the starter.  Every 12 hours, I’d check on the starter, which was in our kitchen on a shelf, discard half of it and feed it with a new 1 cup of flour and 1/2 cup of water (always “special” bread flour from here out). This is not a process to undertake if you’re particularly short on time, flour, or capacity to remember to do something every 12 hours – luckily I had plenty of everything, with a busy training schedule which fortunately causes me to return to the house frequently.

The starter is supposed to be highly active and ready for baking within about a week.  Mine was only slightly active – swelling a little between feedings, with a few bubbles – after about 1.5 or 2 weeks, and I started to get kind of nervous, afraid I might have to start over. At that point I chatted with Emily again, who recommended putting it in a warmer spot to see if that helped the activity level – for a truly active starter, you should expect that it will double in volume from one feeding to the next. I found a spot out of the way, on top of our freezer, and started leaving the container there.  Vermont in early summer is moderately warm but not at all hot, and it turned out that was exactly the missing piece – heat! With the starter on the warm freezer top, it became much more active and was soon doubling. Time to bake!

 

A dash of honey

A dash of honey to sweeten the dough

All shapes and sizes, and fillings - several of these have cheese, others cranberries, others are plain

All shapes and sizes, and fillings – several of these have cheese, others cranberries, others are plain

Sometimes several batches at once

Sometimes several batches at once

Cranberry walnut loaves rising

Cranberry walnut loaves rising

Thin crispy crust and nice crumb

Thin crispy crust and nice crumb


To make a true sourdough bread, you need an active starter, flour, water, salt, and nothing else (other than time)! It’s also possible to make a bread with store-bought yeast supplemented with sourdough starter to give it flavor.  And, there are a number of other bread-related items that can be made with sourdough starter, much of it as a way to use the otherwise-discarded starter (what you would throw out when the starter is fed).  So I’ve dabbled in many variations, and quite a few shapes too. Below are suggestions based on what I’ve done, and links to the recipes for trying it yourself:

Sourdough bread: in baguette or loaf form, all white flour or 1/6-1/4 whole wheat. It can be “flavored” – mixed with shredded cheddar cheese, mixed with blue cheese and cranberries, with walnuts and cranberries, swirled/wrapped with cheese inside, swirled with apples and cinnamon sugar, and more. See this recipe: http://www.kingarthurflour.com/recipes/extra-tangy-sourdough-bread-recipe (I’ve never used the optional sour-salt – if your sourdough is active it should have plenty of sour flavor as is.) Try out the recipe just plain a few times to get acquainted with it, with only white bread flour because it behaves more predictably, and then make additions as desired! Be warned, this bread does basically take two days – it’s not bad, but does require some serious planning ahead to time all the stages to fit within the other constraints of your day.

Sourdough-yeast hybrid: Try it also with rolled oats and whole wheat flour, cinnamon-cranberry swirl bread, cheese swirl bread, etc.  Recipe: http://www.kingarthurflour.com/recipes/rustic-sourdough-bread-recipe  (when using rolled oats, I added 1/2 cup of oats per recipe, and 1/2-1 cup of whole wheat flour, each of those in place of the white flour called for. However I also adjust the moisture by adding more flour or water as I knead the bread, since I know approximately what I’m aiming for after having repeated this process a fair number of times.)

With extra starter: sourdough popovers, sourdough waffles or pancakes, both of which are fantastic and quite easy.  Recipes: http://www.kingarthurflour.com/recipes/classic-sourdough-waffles-or-pancakes-recipe

http://www.kingarthurflour.com/recipes/sourdough-popovers-recipe

In general just check out all of King Arthur Flour’s sourdough recipes here: http://www.kingarthurflour.com/recipes/sourdough/view-all

Oh, and if you’re not quite into all the sourdough complexity, but are inspired to make bread anyway, try this excellent sandwich bread, of course from King Arthur again! This was one of my go-to breads before sourdoughs: http://www.kingarthurflour.com/recipes/vermont-whole-wheat-oatmeal-honey-bread-recipe


Ready to roll - cranberry cinnamon bread, spread the dough and filling like this, then roll it into a log and put it in the bread pan to rise!

Ready to roll – cranberry cinnamon swirl bread, spread the dough and filling like this, then roll it into a log and put it in the bread pan to rise!

The swirl bread after baking...

The swirl bread after baking…

Cranberry-cinnamon swirl

Cranberry-cinnamon swirl snack

Waffles!

Waffles!

Summer breakfast, on the relaxed days when we can linger instead of rushing out the door to train

Summer breakfast, on the relaxed days when we can linger instead of rushing out the door to train immediately

I used to think popovers were something to be afraid of, in case they came out flat, but these turn out perfectly every time!

I used to think popovers were something to be afraid of, in case they came out flat, but these turn out perfectly every time!

Throughout the summer I’ve been quite pleased with the flavor and texture of my sourdough breads, and my housemates surely enjoy them too, as the bread has seemed to disappear about as quickly as I can make it.  Particularly if it’s full of melted shreds of Cabot cheddar cheese! I actually really like the opportunity to experiment on flavors and additions, which is facilitated by how quickly each batch gets consumed.  And, a side benefit of making all these batches of bread… hand-kneading… when I was younger my mom always tried to convince me that I should knead more bread to make my arms stronger. They’re stronger this year, which happens to be a good thing for ski racing! Whether from kneading or from an improved strength training program, who knows, maybe some of both!

When I left for fall training camps these past few months, I put my sourdough in a jar with a lid, gave it one last feeding, then popped it straight into the refrigerator. It actually keeps for a while, and just needs to be taken out and fed a few times before it’s nicely active again – I took out the jar 4 days ago, having just returned from Park City (see Liz’s previous post for tales of our training activities there) and it’s definitely active and ready for bread-making by now.  In fact last night I made sourdough popovers to go with dinner, and don’t tell my housemates, or else there could be a stampede, but there may be fresh bread this evening.

Thanks for reading!!

~Caitlin

All Quiet on the Western Front

18.Oct.2014 by Liz Guiney

 

But not anymore!

Caitlin, Ida and I are currently in Park City, UT joining the USST for their annual fall altitude training camp. Tomorrow is actually the last day of the camp, so we’ve pretty much done a terrible job of keeping you updated thus far. This is mostly because I haven’t taken many pictures during the camp, but also because it’s been surprisingly busy staying on top of 2 training sessions a day, catching up with our favorite skier friends, and seeing family and friends. I decided to just steal some photos from other sources to get something up on the web (thanks guys, don’t worry, credit is given in all the captions).

It has been an incredibly productive camp in PC. We’ve managed to squeeze in 2 speed sessions, 2 level 3 workouts, one hammer-sesh bounding workout, a time trial, 3 marathon strength sessions, and a couple of OD’s and distance workouts, all in a 10 day span! We also took to the trails for a mountain bike adventure, which ended abruptly when my seat fell off my bike. Oops. But overall the quality of both the training and the training partners has been fantastic, and we’re really glad to have made the trip out here. Also thanks to my Mom for putting up Caitlin and I during the duration of the camp! Okay, without further ado, here are some of the top photos from the camp.

 

Day one of the camp, an OD classic roll up American Fork Canyon to the base of Timpanogos, also one of the more beautiful places I've ever skied. Tired here, but happy to be skiing with friends new and old! (Photo USSA Nordic)

Day one of the camp, an OD classic roll up American Fork Canyon to the base of Timpanogos, also one of the more beautiful places I’ve ever skied. Tired from travel here, but happy to be skiing with friends old and new! I’m second from the back, in bright yellow (Photo USSA Nordic)

 

Day two- skate speeds in a parking lot near the COE. Here's the women's group getting instructions before the start. There are some quick ladies here at this camp. (Photo USSA Nordic)

Day two- skate speeds in a parking lot near the COE. Here’s the women’s group getting instructions before the start. Head-to-head starts and finishes are the best way to work on pure, raw speed (Photo USSA Nordic)

 

Day four- a 3.5 hour run on Mid Mountain Trail, one of my favorites in Park City. Awesome running buddies made this session go by as quickly as 3.5 hours of running can... (Photo Jennie Bender)

Day four- a 3.5 hour run on Mid Mountain Trail, one of my favorites in Park City. Awesome running buddies made this session go by as quickly as 3.5 hours of running can… (Photo Jennie Bender)

 

Same day- a little further down the trail. It's past peak foliage here, but there are still some vibrant stands of aspens up high.

Same day- a little further down the trail. It’s past peak foliage here, but there are still some vibrant stands of aspens up high. This one I actually took!

 

Day seven- the best clubs in the US unite for a distance ski up Wolf Creek Pass. APU +Craftsbury + SMS-T2 + SVSEF+ BSF = so many fast skiers!

Day seven- the best clubs in the US unite for a distance ski up Wolf Creek Pass. APU +Craftsbury + SMS-T2 + SVSEF+ BSF = so many strong skiers! (Photo Jennie Bender)

 

Day nine- Caitlin and I hit our culinary stride with this masterpiece. Sweet potato gnocchi and antelope meatballs with a side of asparagus. Lots of training = hungry skiers

Day nine- Caitlin and I hit our culinary stride with this masterpiece. Sweet potato gnocchi and antelope meatballs with a side of asparagus. Lots of training = hungry skiers

 

And finally, day ten! L3 Classic intervals up East Canyon, some of the nicest classic terrain around. Here we are warming up with the T2 and Sun Valley ladies (Photo Jennie Bender)

And finally, day ten! L3 Classic intervals up East Canyon, some of the nicest classic terrain around. Here we are warming up with the T2 and Sun Valley ladies (Photo Jennie Bender)

 

Double poling and practicing drafting on some of the flats on East Canyon (Photo Pat O'Brien)

Double poling and practicing drafting on some of the flats on East Canyon. I’m third in this train (Photo Pat O’Brien)

 

Tucking in behind Erika Flowers and Annie Pokorny of SMS-T2 near the top. These two are fantastic classic striders and I was happy to be able to follow them for much of this workout (Photo Pat O'Brien)

Tucking in behind Erika Flowers and Annie Pokorny of SMS-T2 near the top. These two are fantastic classic striders and I was happy to be able to follow them for much of the workout (Photo Pat O’Brien)

 

So what’s next? Caitlin and I will stay in Park City for a few more days and get in some fun (and hopefully uneventful) mountain biking and hiking before heading back East (Caitlin) and to Bozeman (me) for a quick visit. We’ll be back in Craftsbury soon though to get in our final prep work before the season starts in November. Ida will head to Frozen Thunder in Canmore and get some on-snow time before she returns to Craftsbury in late October.

Many thanks to the USST for inviting us out to this camp and providing awesome training opportunities. Also thanks to Pat O’Brien, SMS-T2 coach, and Colin Rodgers from SVSEF for adopting us for a a few workouts and taking video and giving shuttles, even though they had their own athletes to worry about. We really appreciate it, and it makes it much easier to be out here without a coach!

More Glacier Skiing

25.Sep.2014 by Kaitlynn Miller

Here is a video from yesterday’s classic distance ski. In addition to skiing footage, it also includes some well-integrated scenic clips. In my opinion it was the best day on the glacier so far. We were treated to a clear sky, fresh powder, and hard wax conditions. I didn’t want to stop skiing!

However, the weather on the glacier is extremely changeable and today the conditions were less ideal. We’ve been taking the first tram up to the glacier in the morning (around 7:45am). When we showed up at the tram station this morning the recorded wind speed at the top was 58 km/hour. Earlier this week we had experienced 43 km/hour wind which was rather unpleasant so we decided to switch our morning and afternoon workouts and try skiing in the afternoon instead. The wind had subsided substantially when we returned to the tram station in the afternoon and we decided to go for it. We were the only ones on the glacier when we first arrived. It was sleeting and the visibility was extremely poor which made following the serpentines difficult. I had to keep one foot in the track on the downhills to ensure I didn’t ski off the trail and the light was so flat that I kept loosing my balance. Despite the suboptimal weather, the skiing was quite good and the conditions lent a sense of adventure to the workout. As we were skiing, the wind picked up and the recently groomed tracks began to fill with snow which made following the trail even more difficult. Liz and I skied together and took turns leading.  We also each took a turn skiing into a snow bank because we couldn’t see the trail!  We all decided to implement the buddy system this afternoon to ensure that no one got lost or left behind.

Very low visibility!

Very low visibility!

 

Pepa sharing some pre-workout advice

Pepa sharing some pre-workout advice

This photo really captures what the views from the glacier today

This really captures the views from the glacier today.  If you look closely at the center of the photo you can discern some very faint figures.

Tomorrow will be our final day in Austria and our last time skiing on the glacier. It’s forecasted to be clear, but you never know what the weather will do!

 

Adventure OD Day

20.Sep.2014 by Liz Guiney

When you wake up to this, you know it’s gonna be a good day!

Doesn't get much better than this!

Doesn’t get much better than this!

Today the GRP skiers had a long OD in the morning with multiple options. We were all planning to ski up at the Dachstein in the morning, so we headed up the tram bright and early. However, we’ve found that the quality of a ski workout up there quickly drops off after 2 or 2.5 hours, mostly due to the altitude and the track breaking down to slush. So we all planned to add some distance in with running. One group took the tram down and ran from there to the base station, an 1 hour descent to the valley floor. Another group came up with an even more adventure-some plan: to send our skis and gear down with some of our really nice teammates (thanks guys!) and then venture off the glacier and pick a route around the tallest mountains, eventually ending at the house. We weren’t sure exactly what we would encounter on the trail, or how long it would take, but that’s why they call it an adventure, right?

Tram cables heading up into the mist

Tram cables heading up into the mist

Once we got up to the glacier, Kait Miller and I couldn’t resist heading up the mountaineering trail above the usual groomed trails. We had a tough 15 min climb, but were rewarded with awesome views, a freshly groomed track, a sweet hut tucked into the cliff face, and a ripping downhill!

Skiing up the mountaineering trails, with hikers in the background

Skiing up the mountaineering trails, with hikers in the background

 

Dizzying heights. A 3,000 ft drop-off to the base of the tram

Dizzying heights. A 3,000 ft drop-off to the base of the tram

 

Most of the big mountains around here have big crosses on top, which only adds the picturesque beauty. Here's Kait soaking it in

Most of the big mountains around here have big crosses on top, which only adds the picturesque beauty. Here’s Kait soaking it in

 

Cliff face? Sure, seems like a good place to build a hut

Cliff face? Sure, seems like a good place to build a hut

 

The regular ski trails down below. If you look really closely, there are some skier ants way down there!

The regular ski trails down below. If you look really closely, there are some skier ants way down there!

We then did a few laps on the trail, and then laced up our running shoes. The first bit of the hike was the most exciting. In this part of the world there are normal hiking trails and then there are “Kletterstieg” routes, more commonly known in Italian as via ferrata. These consist of steel cables and iron ladders built into the rock face, and can make serious mountaineering routes more accessible. The real way to do a via ferrata route is with a harness and two bungee cords that clip into the cables. We ran into a little bit of via ferrata on our way down, but luckily it was all really easy, nothing that required special equipment.

Steel cables to help with the climb down

Steel cables to help with the climb down

 

This is some serious Klettersteig, nothing like what we attempted. This one comes straight up the cliff face and ends at the hut on top of the glacier

This is some serious Klettersteig, nothing like what we attempted. This one comes straight up the cliff face and ends at the hut on top of the glacier

 

Looking back towards the lower glacier trails

Looking back towards the lower glacier trails

Once we got below the lowest lift tower of the glacier, we had a great running traverse ahead of us. The landscape started out looking just like the moon, with no vegetation in sight. Gradually we reached mossier sections of the trail, and finally saw the mountain pass we needed to cross in order to get down to Ramsau.

Rugged terrain, but the worst of the descending was still to come!

Rugged terrain, but the worst of the descending was still to come!

 

Ladies enjoying the day

Ladies enjoying the day

 

Luckily for us, the entire trail was well marked with Austrian flag blazes. If you see a flag, you know you're on the right path

Luckily for us, the entire trail was well marked with Austrian flag blazes. If you see a flag, you know you’re on the right path

 

Dramatic peaks in all directions

Dramatic peaks in all directions

 

This way to the Guttenberghaus!

This way to the Guttenberghaus!

 

Here's a game, find the GRP skiers behind the giant cairn!

Here’s a game, find the GRP skiers behind the giant cairn!

 

Can't get enough of these mountains..

Can’t get enough of these mountains..

 

Beautiful

Beautiful

 

Moonscape

Moonscape

Our mountain destination was the Guttenberghaus, a high-altitude hut tucked into the pass above Ramsau. There are huts like this dotted all over the hillsides around here, and they all seem to serve food, coffee, and most importantly, beer! The treckers around here don’t have to carry much with them when they can restock at every hut along the way.

DAS Guttenberghaus!

DAS Guttenberghaus!

At this point in the hike, it was just myself, Caitlin Patterson, Kait Miller and Nick Brown, our wax tech. We could see the Guttenberghaus, but we could also see a nearby peak, Mt. Sinabell, that looked temptingly close. Turned out the opportunity was too good to pass up on such a nice day, so the girls quickly hit the top and enjoyed the views of the valley and the surrounding alps.

But Mt. Sinabell drew us upwards instead

Mt. Sinabell drew us upwards

 

We had one more climb in our legs

We had one more climb in our legs

 

And we made it! Looking down towards Ramsau from the top

And we made it! Looking down towards Ramsau from the top

 

A high-altitude mountain top pasture on Mt. Sinabell

A high-altitude mountain top pasture on Mt. Sinabell

 

We found this little guy with his black sheep mama hanging out on top

We found this little guy with his black sheep mama hanging out on top

 

Successful day all-around! Psyched to be here enjoying the awesome training, beautiful scenery, and great company.

Successful day all-around! Psyched to be here enjoying the awesome training, beautiful scenery, and great company.

It was a long descent from there down to the valley floor, and we had to dodge hikers, overcome rolled ankles, and fight off the “burning quad” feeling, but we eventually turned up in the driveway of our house, extremely tired, hungry, and happy to be be done after almost 5 hours in the books. Now my watch and my body are both telling me it’s time for some recovery, so we’ll take tomorrow off before finishing up the last week of camp.

OUCH

OUCH

Thanks for reading! Stay tuned for more updates during our final week here.